Asian Brown Flycatcher

Muscicapa dauurica

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Old World Flycatchers (Muscicapidae)

Code 4

ABFL

Code 6

MUSDAU

ITIS

Egg Color:

Olive gray



Number of Eggs:

4 - 5



Incubation Days:

11 - 13



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

On tree branch or in tree fork.



Nest Material:

Lined with finer materials., Lichen, moss, and grasses.



Migration:

Migratory



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General

Asian Brown Flycatcher: A small flycatcher with gray brown upperparts and white underparts with gray brown wash on sides and breast. Long gray brown wings have an indistinct pale wing bar. It has a black bill with creamy pink base to lower mandible. Gray face has a whitish buff eye ring and white buff lores. Tail is dark gray, undertail coverts are white. Some adults show diffuse streaking on the chest and sides. Juveniles have pale underparts spotted with brown and pale wing bars. Sexes are similar in appearance.

Range and Habitat

Asian Brown Flycatcher: Breeds in Japan, eastern Siberia, and the Himalayas. It is migratory and winters in tropical southern Asia from southern India and Sri Lanka east to Indonesia. Occasionally observed in outer Aleutians and other islands in the Alaskan chain. Found in deciduous, conifer, and mixed woodlands and open cultivated areas; prefers deciduous trees for foraging and nesting.

Breeding and Nesting

Asian Brown Flycatcher: Four to five olive gray eggs are laid in a cup nest made of lichen, moss, and grasses and lined with finer materials. Nest is built by the female and placed on a tree branch or set in fork of a tree. Incubation ranges from 11 to 13 days and is carried out by the female. Young are fed by both sexes. These birds have one brood per year.

Foraging and Feeding

Asian Brown Flycatcher: Feeds mostly on insects. Perches on an open exposed tree branch perch, immobile and erect, until it spots prey; then flies out to catch it in flight and returns to its perch to eat. Sometimes flicks its wings while hunting.

Vocalization

Asian Brown Flycatcher: Call is a bold "seeet-seet". The male sings a simple melodic song during courtship.

Similar Species

Asian Brown Flycatcher: Very similar to Gray-streaked Flycatcher, which is larger with the smaller completely dark bill, longer wings, darker gray brown upperparts, and heavy brown streaking on underparts. In the field Asian Brown Flycatcher can also be confused with Dark-sided Flycatcher, which has darker breast, smaller bill, longer wings, darker gray-brown wash on breast and sides, and darker gray-brown upperparts.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Undertail covertsX
Small feathers that cover the areas where the retrices (tail feathers) attach to the rump.
UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
ChestX
Also called the breast area, it is the frontal area on the body containing the breastplate and major flight muscles.
Eye ringX
The circle around the eye formed of feathers that are a different color from the rest of the face.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Lower mandibleX
The lower part of the bill.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X