Red-breasted Flycatcher

Ficedula parva

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Old World Flycatchers (Muscicapidae)

Code 4

Non AOU

Code 6

Non AOU

ITIS

Egg Color:

Pink yellow or green with red brown markings



Number of Eggs:

5 - 6



Incubation Days:

12 - 13



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

In tree cavity.



Nest Material:

Moss, sticks, lichen., Lined with hair and fine plant materials.



Migration:

Migratory



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General

Red-breasted Flycatcher: One of the smallest flycatchers with gray-brown upperparts, buff breast and white belly. Throat and upper breast show a red-orange patch, which has a creamy color in female birds and juveniles. Tail and uppertail coverts are black. Face and sides of breast are dark gray. Sides of belly and undertail coverts are white. The bill is black and has the broad but pointed shape typical of aerial insectivores. Both sexes have a white eye ring.

Range and Habitat

Red-breasted Flycatcher: In North America this bird can be seen in the Western Aleutian Islands and on Alaska's St. Lawrence Island. This bird is widespread, but generally rather scarce, in Eastern Europe as far north as parts of Finland and Sweden. In winter it migrates to south Asia. It frequents mature conifer and mixed coniferous/deciduous forests.

Breeding and Nesting

Red-breasted Flycatcher: Five to six pink yellow or green eggs with red brown markings are laid in a natural hollow of tree where nest is built from moss, sticks, and lichen and lined with hair and finer plant material. Nest is built by the female. Incubation ranges from 12 to 13 days and is carried out by the female. Young are fed by both parents. These birds have one brood per year.

Foraging and Feeding

Red-breasted Flycatcher: This bird feeds primarily on insects. It perches low in trees to spot prey and then catches it in flight. Returns to the same or nearby perch to eat its prey. This species also hunts caterpillars amongst the oak foliage, and will take berries.

Vocalization

Red-breasted Flycatcher: A bold warbling "trrrrrt", a whistling "hu-lee, hu-lee", and a dry grating "zee-it."

Similar Species

Red-breasted Flycatcher: Male Mugimaki Flycatcher is similar to Red-breasted Flycatcher but has completely black upperparts, white wing bar, and a white patch behind the eye. It's red-orange breast patch extends to the upper belly. Female Mugimaki Flycatcher has pale orange wash on throat but also shows orange wash on throat and flanks. Red-breasted Flycatchers are easily distinguished from other Fidecula flycatchers on size and the wheatear-like tail pattern, with an inverted dark T against the white tail sides.

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Undertail covertsX
Small feathers that cover the areas where the retrices (tail feathers) attach to the rump.
UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
Eye ringX
The circle around the eye formed of feathers that are a different color from the rest of the face.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X