American Flamingo

Phoenicopterus ruber

Order

PHOENICOPTERIFORMES

Family

Flamingos (Phoenicopteridae)

Code 4

AMFL

Code 6

PHORUB

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The American Flamingo has a large range of 5,310,000 square kilometers, including much of the Caribbean, parts of southern Florida and the Yucatan peninsula, the Galapagos Islands, and coastal areas in northern Venezuela and Colombia. It occurs in shallow, brackish, estuarine waters, builds a nest out of mud, and lays a single egg. The American Flamingo has an estimated breeding population of 260,000 to 330,000 individuals, and a conservation rating status of Least Concern.

SUMMARY

Overview

American Flamingo: Tall, unique wading bird, entirely pink except for rear edge of wing and black-tipped bill that is bent at a curious angle. Feeds on algal material, bacteria diatoms, plankton, small fish and brine fly larvae. Direct flight with rapid wing beats. Flies in straight line formation. Formerly known as Greater Flamingo.


Range and Habitat

American Flamingo: This species is mostly distributed around the West Indies with stragglers showing up in southern Florida, Texas, northern South America, the Yucatan Peninsula, and the Galapagos Islands. North American sightings may be wild individuals or escaped captives. Preferred habitats include saline lagoons, brackish coastal areas, inland lakes, and mudflats.

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American Flamingo SONGS AND CALLS

American Flamingo A1

"Huh-huh-huh" calls from a small flock.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"huh-huh-huh"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The American Flamingo is the most widespread species of the flamingo family. It is the state bird of Gujarat, India.
  • At the beginning of the nesting season, they perform mass courtship displays, where hundreds move together in a coordinated walk.
  • In ancient Rome, flamingo tongues were regarded as a delicacy. As recently as 30 years ago, flamingos and their eggs were eaten by people in parts of southern Europe and the Caribbean.
  • A group of flamingos has many collective nouns, including a "colony", "flamboyance", "flurry", "regiment", and "stand" of flamingos.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

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Flight feathersX
Located on the wing, and collectively called remiges (singular, remex). The long stiff feathers are subdivided into two major groups based on the location and are called primaries and secondaries.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X