Zenaida Dove

Zenaida aurita

Order

COLUMBIFORMES

Family

Pigeons and Doves (Columbidae)

Code 4

ZEND

Code 6

ZENAUT

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Zenaida Dove has a large range reaching up to around 230,000 square kilometers. This bird can be found throughout the Caribbean and parts of Central and North America including the United States, Mexico, the Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, the Bahamas and many others. This bird appears in tropical and subtropical forests and shrublands as well as rocky areas and arable regions also. The global population of this species has not been quantified, but it is referred to as “common” in portions of its range. Due to this, population trends for the Zenaida Dove have a present evaluation level of Least Concern.

SUMMARY

Overview

Zenaida Dove: Medium dove with brown-gray upperparts, red-gray underparts, cinnamon-gray head and neck, dark violet-blue streaks above and below ear coverts, purple sides of neck, white trailing edge on outer secondaries, and black spots on wings. Fast low flight with rapid wing beats.


Range and Habitat

Zenaida Dove: Found throughout the Caribbean and on the northern coast of the Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico. Accidental on Florida Keys and mainland of southern Florida. Usually found in lowland and coastal areas, inhabits open woodland, forest edge, clearings, scrub thickets and shrubby areas, cultivated fields, gardens and mangroves.

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Zenaida Dove SONGS AND CALLS

Zenaida Dove A1

Song is a "whoooOO hu hu hu".

Zenaida Dove WW1

Typical mournful song.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"coo-ah-coo", "hooo-ah-ooo"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Zenaida Dove was first described in 1810 by Coenraad Jacob Temminck, a Dutch aristocrat and zoologist.
  • It is the national bird of Anguilla, where it is commonly (but erroneously) referred to as a Turtle Dove.
  • The name of this genus commemorates Zénaïde Laetitia Julie Bonaparte, wife of the French ornithologist Charles Lucien Bonaparte.
  • A group of doves has many collective nouns, including a "bevy", "cote", "dole", "dule", and "flight" of doves.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Artist

Irina Rud-Volga

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
Outer secondariesX
The outer secondaries are the secondary feathers of the wing furthest away from the body.
SecondariesX
Flight feathers that are attached to the wing in the area similar to the human forearm and between the body and the primaries.
CereX
Also called the operculum, it is a smooth and featherless patch of skin located where the beak attaches to the forehead.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X