White-crowned Pigeon

Patagioenas leucocephala

Order

COLUMBIFORMES

Family

Pigeons and Doves (Columbidae)

Code 4

WCPI

Code 6

PATLEU

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Near Threatened

The White-crowned Pigeon is a member of the same family as doves and pigeons. This species is largely a permanent resident throughout its range. Breeding takes place in the Bahamas, Cuba, Jamaica and Antigua. Smaller populations may be found on the Caribbean coast of Central America, the Florida Keys, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands, Anguilla and other Caribbean islands. Loss of habitat is a major threat to this species, as it is lost to urbanization and deforestation efforts. Diets consist largely of seeds, nuts, insects and berries. The conservation rating for the White-crowned Pigeon is currently Least Concern.

SUMMARY

Overview

White-crowned Pigeon: Large dove, slate-gray overall with conspicuous white crown. Scaled nape is iridescent green when seen in good light. Iris is white.Yellow bill has red base. Legs and feet are red. Eats berries, seeds and insects. Swift direct flight with strong rapid wing beats.


Range and Habitat

White-crowned Pigeon: This species is a resident breeder and is distributed throughout most of the West Indies, the Caribbean coast of the Yucatan Peninsula, and the Florida Keys. They also breed along the east coast of Central America. Their preferred habitats include semi-deciduous woods and mangrove swamps.

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White-crowned Pigeon SONGS AND CALLS

White-crowned Pigeon A1

Call is a rolling "crrr, crrr".

White-crowned Pigeon A3

Song is an owl-like, tremulous "woo, woo, woo, cowoo".

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"wof, wof, woo, cowoo", "coo-cura-cooo", "coo-croo"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • A strict frugivore, they can fly great distances over water. They island hop in the Bahamas and Florida Keys in search of food.
  • John James Audubon did a famous painting of the White-crowned Pigeon on Indian Key in April 1832.
  • They have a particularly long nesting season in years when food is abundant, nesting up to four times in a single year.
  • A group of pigeons has many collective nouns, including a "band", "dropping", "loft", "passel" and "school" of pigeons.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Artist

Irina Rud-Volga

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

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CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
CereX
Also called the operculum, it is a smooth and featherless patch of skin located where the beak attaches to the forehead.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X