White-crowned Pigeon

Patagioenas leucocephala

Order

COLUMBIFORMES

Family

Pigeons and Doves (Columbidae)

Code 4

WCPI

Code 6

PATLEU

ITIS

Egg Color:

White



Number of Eggs:

1 - 2



Incubation Days:

18 - 20



Egg Incubator:

Both sexes



Nest Location:

In low fork of tree.



Nest Material:

Twigs, grass, roots., Lined with grasses and fine materials.



Migration:

Migratory



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General

White-crowned Pigeon: Large dove, slate-gray overall with conspicuous white crown. Scaled nape is iridescent green when seen in good light. Iris is white. Female is duller. Juvenile lacks iridescence on nape and has pale gray crown.

Range and Habitat

White-crowned Pigeon: This species is a resident breeder and is distributed throughout most of the West Indies, the Caribbean coast of the Yucatan Peninsula, and the Florida Keys. They also breed along the east coast of Central America. Their preferred habitats include semi-deciduous woods and mangrove swamps.

Breeding and Nesting

White-crowned Pigeon: One or two white eggs are laid in a nest made of twigs, grass, and roots, lined with grasses and fine materials, and built low in a tree. Incubation ranges from 18 to 20 days and is carried out by both parents.

Foraging and Feeding

White-crowned Pigeon: Eats berries, seeds, and some insects; forages mostly in trees and shrubs.

Vocalization

White-crowned Pigeon: Call is an owl-like, tremulous "wof, wof, woo, cowoo" or a loud, deep "coo-cura-cooo" or "coo-croo."

Similar Species

White-crowned Pigeon: Rock Pigeon is paler and lacks white crown.

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CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X