Red-billed Pigeon

Patagioenas flavirostris

Order

COLUMBIFORMES

Family

Pigeons and Doves (Columbidae)

Code 4

RBPI

Code 6

PATFLA

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Red-billed Pigeon has a large range, estimated globally at 830,000 square kilometers. Native to the United States and Mexico as well as Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua, this bird prefers neritic, oceanic, and coastal marine ecosystems. The global population of this bird is estimated at 500,000 to 5,000,000 individuals and does not show signs of decline that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. For this reason, the current evaluation status of the Red-billed Pigeon is Least Concern.

SUMMARY

Overview

Red-billed Pigeon: Large dove with dull purple head and breast, olive-brown back, and blue-gray belly. Wings are blue-gray with olive-brown tertials. Tail is black. Feet and legs are red. Eyes are orange or red with bright red eyelids. Bill is red with yellow tip. Swift direct flight.


Range and Habitat

Red-billed Pigeon: Breeds from south Sonora, Mexico south in lowlands along the Pacific slope to Chiapas, and the lower Rio Grande Valley of south Texas and Mexico from eastern Nuevo Leon and Tamaulipas, south along the Atlantic slope to the Yucatan states. Populations of northeastern Mexico and Texas move south during non-breeding season. Preferred habitat includes tropical deciduous forests.

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Red-billed Pigeon SONGS AND CALLS

Red-bellied Pigeon TT1

Song is a repeated "Cooooo! Up, cup-a-coo! Up, cup-a-coo!"

Red-bellied Pigeon C1

Typical song.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"Cooooooo! Up, cup-a-coo! Up, cup-a-coo! Up, cup-a-coo!"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Deforestation and damage to riparian communities by flood control and agricultural irrigation projects have precipitated a decline of this species in south Texas and Mexico.
  • The breeding season of the Red-billed Pigeon may be prolonged with several broods per year.
  • A group of pigeons has many collective nouns, including a "band", "dropping", "loft", "passel" and "school" of pigeons.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Artist

Irina Rud-Volga

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

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BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CereX
Also called the operculum, it is a smooth and featherless patch of skin located where the beak attaches to the forehead.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X