Red-billed Pigeon

Patagioenas flavirostris




Pigeons and Doves (Columbidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:

Glossy white

Number of Eggs:


Incubation Days:

18 - 20

Egg Incubator:

Both sexes

Nest Location:

8 - 30 feet above ground., In tree, shrub, or vine.

Nest Material:

Twigs lined with grass, stems, and rootlets.





Red-billed Pigeon: Large dove with dull purple head and breast, olive-brown back, and blue-gray belly. Wings are blue-gray with olive-brown tertials. Tail is black. Feet and legs are red. Eyes are orange or red with bright red eyelids. Bill is red with yellow tip. Sexes are similar.

Range and Habitat

Red-billed Pigeon: Breeds from south Sonora, Mexico south in lowlands along the Pacific slope to Chiapas, and the lower Rio Grande Valley of south Texas and Mexico from eastern Nuevo Leon and Tamaulipas, south along the Atlantic slope to the Yucatan states. Populations of northeastern Mexico and Texas move south during non-breeding season. Preferred habitat includes tropical deciduous forests.

Breeding and Nesting

Red-billed Pigeon: One, rarely two, glossy white eggs are laid on a flimsy platform of twigs lined with grass, stems, and rootlets. Nest is built in a tree, shrub, or vine 8 to 30 feet above the ground. Incubation ranges from 18 to 20 days and is carried out by both parents.

Foraging and Feeding

Red-billed Pigeon: Forages in flocks for seeds, nuts, figs, and other fruits; feeds on the ground or in trees.


Red-billed Pigeon: Makes an introductory coo followed by pattern repeated 2 to 5 times "Cooooooo! Up, cup-a-coo! Up, cup-a-coo! Up, cup-a-coo".

Similar Species

Red-billed Pigeon: Rock Pigeon is shorter-tailed and stockier, usually has white rump patch, and has a black-tipped, yellow bill.

The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
The upper front part of a bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X