Berylline Hummingbird

Amazilia beryllina

Order

APODIFORMES

Family

Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Code 4

BEHU

Code 6

AMABER

ITIS

Egg Color:

White



Number of Eggs:

2



Incubation Days:

14



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

In tree or shrub., 17 - 25 feet above ground.



Nest Material:

Plant fibers, spiderwebs, lichens.



Migration:

Nonmigratory



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General

Berylline Hummingbird: Medium-sized hummingbird with glittering green back, head, nape, throat, and breast. Wings and tail are rufous. Bill is black; lower mandible has red base. Undertail coverts are cinnamon-brown. Female is duller and with pale gray belly and undertail coverts.

Range and Habitat

Berylline Hummingbird: Endemic to the southern and western Mexican foothills and highlands; occurs in extreme southeastern Arizona as a vagrant, where it occasionally breeds. Inhabits oak and pine woodlands and edges, oak scrub and clearings, plantations; in U.S., forested canyons of desert mountains.

Breeding and Nesting

Berylline Hummingbird: Two white eggs are laid in a nest made of plant fibers and spider webs, covered with lichens, and built in a tree or shrub, 17 to 25 feet above the ground, usually on a horizontal branch or vertical fork. Female incubates eggs for about 14 days.

Foraging and Feeding

Berylline Hummingbird: Feeds on nectar and insects; often dominates other feeding hummingbirds by diving at them and chasing them away from flowers.

Vocalization

Berylline Hummingbird: Utters series of hoarse, high twitters "sirr, kirr-I-rr, kirr-I-rr." Also gives a buzzing "drrzzzzt."

Similar Species

Berylline Hummingbird: Buff-bellied Hummingbird has cinnamon-brown to buff belly, shows no rufous on wings, and has a black tip on lower mandible.

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Undertail covertsX
Small feathers that cover the areas where the retrices (tail feathers) attach to the rump.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
Lower mandibleX
The lower part of the bill.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X