American Three-toed Woodpecker

Picoides dorsalis

Order

PICIFORMES

Family

Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Code 4

ATTW

Code 6

Non AOU

ITIS

Egg Color:

White



Number of Eggs:

3 - 6



Incubation Days:

12 - 15



Egg Incubator:

Both sexes



Nest Location:

5 - 45 feet above ground., In dead tree, usually conifer or aspen, sometimes in utility poles.



Nest Material:

Bark chips.



Migration:

Nonmigratory



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General

American Three-toed Woodpecker: Medium-sized woodpecker with black-and-white barred upperparts, black head, yellow crown, white eye-line, throat, breast, and belly, and diagonally barred white flanks. Wings are black with white spots; rump is black; tail is black with white outer feathers. Female lacks yellow crown.

Range and Habitat

American Three-toed Woodpecker: Found throughout inland Alaska, across Canada's boreal regions, through northern Saskatchewan, to north-central Labrador and Newfoundland; also has limited distribution along the Rocky Mountains south to New Mexico and Arizona. Prefers coniferous forests and burnt lands; less frequently found in mixed forests.

Breeding and Nesting

American Three-toed Woodpecker: Three to six white eggs are laid in a nest made of bark chips built in a dead tree cavity, usually up to 45 feet above the ground; conifers and aspens are most frequently used. Incubation ranges from 12 to 14 days and is carried out by both parents.

Foraging and Feeding

American Three-toed Woodpecker: Eats larvae of tree-dwelling insects, spiders, some berries, and bark cambium; female forages higher than male.

Vocalization

American Three-toed Woodpecker: Call is a soft, timid, squeaking "mew" or "pik."

Similar Species

American Three-toed Woodpecker: Black-backed Woodpecker has solid black back. Hairy Woodpecker has unmarked white underparts, lacks barred sides and flanks, has a white back and black crown; male has red head patch.

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UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X