Ladder-backed Woodpecker

Picoides scalaris

Order

PICIFORMES

Family

Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Code 4

LBWO

Code 6

PICSCA

ITIS

Egg Color:

White



Number of Eggs:

2 - 7



Incubation Days:

13



Egg Incubator:

Both sexes



Nest Location:

3 - 30 feet above ground., In a dead limb or snag.



Nest Material:

Bark chips.



Migration:

Nonmigratory



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General

Ladder-backed Woodpecker: Small woodpecker with black-and-white barred upperparts, shoulders, and wings, buff-gray underparts with black spots, buff-gray face, red crown, and black forehead, nape, rump, and tail. Female lacks red crown.

Range and Habitat

Ladder-backed Woodpecker: This species is a resident from southwestern states, from southern California west to Oklahoma and south throughout much of Mexico to British Honduras. They may be found in wooded canyons, cottonwood groves, pine and pine oak woodlands, desert scrub, and desert grasslands dominated by mesquite.

Breeding and Nesting

Ladder-backed Woodpecker: Two to seven white eggs are laid in a cavity nest made of bark chips, usually 3 to 30 feet above the ground in a dead tree or branch. Eggs are incubated for 13 days by both parents.

Foraging and Feeding

Ladder-backed Woodpecker: Eats insects and cactus fruit; forages on tree trunks, limbs, and sometimes on the ground.

Readily Eats

Suet, Nuts

Vocalization

Ladder-backed Woodpecker: Call is a clear, high-pitched "pik", often repeated.

Similar Species

Ladder-backed Woodpecker: Nuttall's Woodpecker has black ear patches bordered by white, cleaner white breast, and fewer spots on flanks. Downy and Hairy woodpeckers have solid white backs and lack spots on breasts and flanks.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X