Golden-fronted Woodpecker

Melanerpes aurifrons

Order

PICIFORMES

Family

Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Code 4

GFWO

Code 6

MELAUR

ITIS

Egg Color:

White



Number of Eggs:

4 - 7



Incubation Days:

12 - 14



Egg Incubator:

Both sexes



Nest Location:

3 - 25 feet above ground., In holes in mesquite trees, poles, and posts.



Nest Material:

Bark chips.



Migration:

Nonmigratory



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General

Golden-fronted Woodpecker: Medium-sized woodpecker with black-and-white barred back and wings, white rump, yellow-orange nape, red cap, yellow patch at base of upper mandible, and buff-gray face and underparts. Female lacks red cap; juvenile has streaked breast and lacks red cap and yellow nape and bill patches.

Range and Habitat

Golden-fronted Woodpecker: Resident in southwestern Oklahoma and central Texas south into Mexico. Frequents open woods in dry country and river bottoms with trees. Found in open woodlands, particularly in riparian zones. Can be found in isolated groves of trees, and usually avoids dense unbroken forest.

Breeding and Nesting

Golden-fronted Woodpecker: Four to seven white eggs are laid in a nest made of bark chips, and built from 3 to 25 feet above the ground in a cavity in a dead or living tree, utility pole, fence post, or man-made structure. Incubation ranges from 12 to 14 days and is carried out by both parents.

Foraging and Feeding

Golden-fronted Woodpecker: Eats insects, spiders, wild berries, fruits, nuts, acorns, and seeds. Forages low on trees and on the ground.

Vocalization

Golden-fronted Woodpecker: Song is a noisy trill "churrrrrrr-churrrrrrrr", flicker-like "kek-kek-kek-kek-kek-kek" or "check, check."

Similar Species

Golden-fronted Woodpecker: Red-bellied Woodpecker is similar, but male has red restricted to cap, orange nape, and yellow forecrown; female lacks red but has orange nape.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CapX
The area on top of the head of the bird.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
Upper mandibleX
The upper part of the bill.
RiparianX
Relating to or living or located on the bank of a natural watercourse (as a river) or sometimes of a lake or a tidewater. 
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X