Tropical Kingbird

Tyrannus melancholicus

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Tyrant Flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Code 4

TRKI

Code 6

TYRMEL

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

ask community
Copyright © 2004 - 2018 Mitch Waite Group

PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Tropical Kingbird has a large range, estimated globally at 17,000,000 square kilometers. Native to the Americas and nearby island nations, this bird prefers shrubland, wetland, or forest ecosystems, though it can live on arable or pastureland and in urban areas. The global population of this bird is estimated at 50,000,000 individuals and does not show signs of decline that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. For this reason, the current evaluation status of the Tropical Kingbird is Least Concern.

SUMMARY

Overview

Tropical Kingbird: Large flycatcher with olive-gray upperparts, gray head, inconspicuous orange crown patch, pale throat, dark eye patch, and dark upper breast. Underparts are bright yellow. Wings and tail are brown. Feeds on insects, frogs, fruits and berries. Weak fluttering flight.


Range and Habitat

Tropical Kingbird: Breeds in extreme southeastern Arizona into northern Mexico and along the Rio Grande River valley. Spends winters south of U.S.-Mexico border, especially along coastal regions, but also wanders widely, very rarely to Pacific coast. Preferred habitats include woodland borders, savannas, and riverside groves.

whatbird search for your browser

Tropical Kingbird SONGS AND CALLS

Tropical Kingbird A1

Dawn song is a series of liquid trills.

Tropical Kingbird C1

High-pitched, twittering calls.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"tere-ee-ee, tril-il-il-iil-l", "tre-e-e-e-eip", "pip-pip-pip-pip"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Tropical Kingbird aggressively defends its territory against intruders, including much larger birds such as toucans, hawks and frigatebirds.
  • During courtship displays, the male will perch and flaps his wings, sometimes lifting off from this position.
  • It sings a distinctive song, called the “Dawn Song,” beginning before sunrise and ending when the sun appears.
  • A group of kingbirds are collectively known as a "coronation", "court", and "tyranny" of kingbirds.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Artist

Samira Belous

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

.
UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X