Piratic Flycatcher

Legatus leucophaius

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Tyrant Flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Code 4

PIFL

Code 6

LEGLEU

ITIS

Egg Color:

Gray brown eggs with brown blotches



Number of Eggs:

2 - 3



Incubation Days:

16



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

In tree.



Nest Material:

Lined with dead leaves.



Migration:

Migratory



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General

Piratic Flycatcher: Small flycatcher with olive-brown upperparts, dark brown crown with a concealed yellow patch, dull white face with thick dark eye-line and moustache stripe, white throat shading to pale yellow on belly, and indistinct dark streaks on breast and sides. Wings are dark with two bars; feather edges are pale. Tail is dark with pale feather edges. Sexes are similar.

Range and Habitat

Piratic Flycatcher: Commonly found in Mexico and from northern Argentina to southern Brazil. Often migrate to Costa Rica between the months of January and February. Overwinter in southern Brazil and Argentina. Frequently occupy the semi-open country, cultivated areas with tall trees, and the forest edge. In Costa Rica, they reside on secondary savannahs or coffee plantations.

Breeding and Nesting

Piratic Flycatcher: Two or three gray-brown eggs blotched with brown are laid in a closed nest taken from other birds by harassment; throws out eggs or nestlings if present. Stolen nests are lined with dead leaves.

Foraging and Feeding

Piratic Flycatcher: Feeds on insects during the breeding season; eats fruits at other times.

Readily Eats

Meal Worms

Vocalization

Piratic Flycatcher: Song is a loud, clear, shrill, and ringing "whiye'eee" or "pee-e-e-e" often followed by 3 to 4 shorter lower "titititi" or "pee-de-de-de" notes. Alarm call is a short, deep, rather mellow "dee", rapidly repeated.

Similar Species

Piratic Flycatcher: Ash-throated Flycatcher is larger and lacks streaks on breast and sides.

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UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X