Fork-tailed Flycatcher

Tyrannus savana

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Tyrant Flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Code 4

FTFL

Code 6

TYRSAV

ITIS

Egg Color:

White with lavender and brown spots



Number of Eggs:

2 - 3



Incubation Days:

14 - 17



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

In trees or shrub., 3 - 30 feet above ground.



Nest Material:

Grasses, plant fiber, leaves, and bark shreds., Lined with seed down, plant down, and hair.



Migration:

Migratory



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General

Fork-tailed Flycatcher: Medium-sized flycatcher with pale gray upperparts, black head, inconspicuous yellow crown stripe, and white underparts. Wings and spectacularly long, deeply forked tail are black. Sexes are similar. Juvenile has brown head.

Range and Habitat

Fork-tailed Flycatcher: Occurs from southern Mexico to Argentina, but strays to the eastern U.S. seaboard and occurs accidentally elsewhere. Has been recorded in California, Idaho, Alberta, Texas, Kansas, Louisiana, and near the Great Lakes region. Prefers savannas and pastures with trees or low bushes.

Breeding and Nesting

Fork-tailed Flycatcher: Two to three white eggs with brown and lavender spots are laid in a cup nest made of grass, plant fibers, leaves, and bark shreds lined with seed down, plant down, and hair. Incubation ranges from 14 to 17 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Fork-tailed Flycatcher: Eats insects, berries, and fruits; forages by catching insects in air or plucking them from vegetation.

Vocalization

Fork-tailed Flycatcher: Song is a low, chattering "ek-ek-ek-ek-ek." Call is a sharp, repetitive "sik" or "plik."

Similar Species

Fork-tailed Flycatcher: Scissor-tailed Flycatcher has gray head and salmon-pink sides, flanks, and underwings.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X