Couch's Kingbird

Tyrannus couchii




Tyrant Flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:

Pink to buff with brown and lavender blotches

Number of Eggs:

3 - 5

Incubation Days:

14 - 16

Egg Incubator:


Nest Location:

In tree., 5 - 25 feet above ground.

Nest Material:

Lined with finer materials., Twigs, leaves, moss, weeds, bark strips.


Northern birds migrate



Couch's Kingbird: Large flycatcher with olive-green upperparts, gray head, dark eye patch, white throat, and bright yellow underparts. Wings and slightly forked tail are dark. Sexes are similar. Difficult to distinguish from Tropical Kingbird.

Range and Habitat

Couch's Kingbird: Range from the mid-Texas coast and Tamaulipas south along eastern Mexico into the entire Yucatan Peninsula including Belize and northern Guatemala. Found in scrubby woodland, forests and forest edges, plantations, savannas, brushy stream-side thickets and fence-rows. In Yucatan they are common in scrubby interior forest and uncommon in arid beach scrub.

Breeding and Nesting

Couch's Kingbird: Three to five pink to buff eggs with brown and lavender blotches are laid in a nest made of leaves, twigs, moss, weeds, and bark strips, lined with finer materials, and built 8 to 25 feet above the ground on a tree limb. Incubation ranges from 14 to 16 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Couch's Kingbird: Eats flying and crawling insects, berries, and fruits; perches on tall trees to hawk insects.


Couch's Kingbird: Song is a series of rich whistles with abrupt inflections "s'wee-s'wee-s'wee-s'wee-I-chu." Call is a high, trilled, nasal "breeeear" or a single-note or repeated "kip."

Similar Species

Couch's Kingbird: Tropical Kingbird is identical in appearance but has distinctive twittering call. Western and Cassin's kingbirds have smaller, thinner bills, paler gray ear patches, and different voices.


Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X