Yellow-eyed Junco

Junco phaeonotus




New World Sparrows and Towhees (Passerellida)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:

Pale gray to blue with red brown markings

Number of Eggs:

3 - 5

Incubation Days:


Egg Incubator:


Nest Location:

In cavity, sheltered by grassy tussock, bush, or log, occasionally low in tree.

Nest Material:

Dried grass., Lined with fine grass and mammal hair.





Yellow-eyed Junco: Medium-sized sparrow with rufous back and upperwings, pale gray rump and head, and pale gray underparts. Bright yellow eyes contrast with faint mask. Belly is white; tail is dark gray with white outer tail feathers. Bill has black upper mandible and pink lower mandible. Sexes are similar. Juvenile has brown eye; back, breast, and flanks are finely streaked.

Range and Habitat

Yellow-eyed Junco: Range is primarily in Mexico, extending into some of the mountains of the southern tips of the United States of Arizona and New Mexico. Not generally migratory, but sometimes moves to nearby lower elevations during winter. Preferred habitats include coniferous forests and pine-oak woods.

Breeding and Nesting

Yellow-eyed Junco: Three to five pale gray to blue eggs marked with red brown are laid in a nest made of dried grass with a lining of fine grass and mammal hair. Female incubates eggs for 15 days.

Foraging and Feeding

Yellow-eyed Junco: Eats insects, seeds, berries, fruits, and flowers; forages on the ground, often by scratching.

Readily Eats

Cracked Corn, Peanuts, Nut Meats


Yellow-eyed Junco: Song is a series of chips, trills, and buzzes, "weedle-weedle-weedle", "che-che-che-che-wee", often up-slurred at the end. Has a smacking call of "tseek."

Similar Species

Yellow-eyed Junco: Other juncos have dark eyes.


Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
The upper front part of a bird.
Lower mandibleX
The lower part of the bill.
Outer tail feathersX
The tail feathers farthest from the center.
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
Upper mandibleX
The upper part of the bill.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X