Eurasian Jackdaw

Corvus monedula




Crows and Jays (Corvidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:

Light blue green or buff with small brown spots

Number of Eggs:

4 - 6

Incubation Days:

18 - 19

Egg Incubator:


Nest Location:

In tree holes, ridges of cliffs, burrows, under roofs, crevices, pipes.

Nest Material:

Twigs and grasses., Lined with finer grasses and wool.


Northern birds migrate



Eurasian Jackdaw: Small, black crow with glossy blue-black metallic sheen on back and shoulders. Nape and ear patches are gray, eyes are pale gray, and bill is short and pointed. Sexes are similar.

Range and Habitat

Eurasian Jackdaw: Accidental to casual in North America, where it has been recorded in Quebec, Newfoundland and Labrador, and the northeastern U.S. from Maine south to Pennsylvania. May be found in both urban and rural areas, and is often seen around churches and older buildings; resident on farmlands and also in towns and parks.

Breeding and Nesting

Eurasian Jackdaw: Four to six pale blue-green or buff eggs with fine brown dots are laid in a nest made of twigs and grass, lined with finer grass and wool, and built in a tree hole, cliff ridge, burrow, crevice, or pipe. Incubation ranges from 18 to 19 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Eurasian Jackdaw: Eats seeds, fruits, berries, large insects, small reptiles, amphibians, small rodents, and eggs and nestlings of other birds. Forages in open and cultivated country; hops on branches in trees.


Eurasian Jackdaw: Calls include a soft "chack" and a grating clipped metallic "kow" or "kyow." Often repeats calls several times.

Similar Species

Eurasian Jackdaw: No other black bird, and especially no other crow in North America, has combination of pale eyes and gray nape and ear patches.

Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X