Northern Red Bishop

Euplectes franciscanus

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Weavers (Ploceidae)

Code 4

ORBI

Code 6

EUPFRA

ITIS

Egg Color:

White



Number of Eggs:

3 - 5



Incubation Days:

25



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

In shrub.



Nest Material:

Grasses.



Migration:

Nonmigratory



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General

Northern Red Bishop: Small weaver finch with bright orange-red body and black belly. Head has black crown, face, and bill. Wings are brown. Orange-red uppertail coverts are very long and extend over short, brown tail. Nonbreeding male, female, and juvenile have brown-streaked upperparts, pale yellow throats, brown-streaked yellow sides, white underparts, and pink-gray bills. Formerly known as the Orange Bishop, its name was changed by the American Ornithologist Union in 2016.

Range and Habitat

Northern Red Bishop: Native to northwest and eastern Africa; introduced to and established in Puerto Rico, Bermuda, and across the United States. Currently found in California, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, Wisconsin, and in the Mid-Atlantic States. Inhabits open savanna habitats with tall shrubs and trees.

Breeding and Nesting

Northern Red Bishop: Three to five white eggs are laid in a neat suspended globe nest made of long grass and built in a shrub close to the ground. Eggs are incubated for 25 days by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Northern Red Bishop: Feeds on green and ripe seeds of grass and small brush. Forages on the ground or by hanging from seed heads of grass and plant stems; also feeds on new leaves and flowers of small shrubs.

Vocalization

Northern Red Bishop: Song is a harsh, metallic trilling.

Similar Species

Northern Red Bishop: None in range.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X