Plumbeous Vireo

Vireo plumbeus




Vireos (Vireonidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:

White with red brown spots at large end

Number of Eggs:

3 - 5

Incubation Days:

14 - 15

Egg Incubator:

Both sexes

Nest Location:

4 - 30 feet above ground., In a forked twig of a small forest tree.

Nest Material:

Bark, grasses, plant fibers, spider web., Lined with fine grasses and plant down.





Plumbeous Vireo: Medium-sized vireo with gray back, white throat and underparts, olive-gray sides, and yellow-washed flanks. Crown, nape, and face are gray; eye-rings appear as large, white spectacles. Wings are dark gray with two white bars. Tail is short with white edges. Sexes are similar.

Range and Habitat

Plumbeous Vireo: Breeds from southern Montana and southern Idaho southward to Mexico and Guatemala. Spends winters in the southern portions of its range, including Mexico and Central America. Preferred habitats include montane coniferous and mixed forests, and riparian woodlands in arid inter-montane basins.

Breeding and Nesting

Plumbeous Vireo: Three to five white eggs, spotted at larger end with red brown, are laid in a nest made of bark, grass, plant fibers and spider web, lined with fine grass and plant down, and built 4 to 30 feet above the ground near the tip of a branch in a tree or bush. Incubation ranges from 14 to 15 days and is carried out by both parents.

Foraging and Feeding

Plumbeous Vireo: Eats insects and some fruits and berries; forages and perches from mid to high levels in trees, gleaning insects from foliage or bark.


Plumbeous Vireo: Song is a varied, "chureeh, ch-ireet', ch-reeh, cg-ireet", often repeated. Call is a chattering "cheh-cheh-cheh, cheh", often accelerating.

Similar Species

Plumbeous Vireo: Gray Vireo is smaller, slimmer, and has a single wing-bar and faint eye-ring.


Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

The crown is the top part of the birds head.
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
Relating to or living or located on the bank of a natural watercourse (as a river) or sometimes of a lake or a tidewater. 
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X