Verdin

Auriparus flaviceps

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Verdins (Remizidae)

Code 4

VERD

Code 6

AURFLA

ITIS

Egg Color:

Pale to blue green with red brown speckles



Number of Eggs:

3 - 6



Incubation Days:

10



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

2 - 20 feet above ground., In fork of shrubby tree, cactus or bush.



Nest Material:

Mass of sticks, leaves and grasses., Lined with grasses, feathers and plant down.



Migration:

Nonmigratory



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General

Verdin: Very small songbird with gray upperparts and pale gray underparts. Face and throat are dull yellow. Wings are gray with red-brown shoulder patches. Female is duller. Juvenile lacks yellow on face and throat, and red-brown shoulder patches.

Range and Habitat

Verdin: This species is a resident in the deserts of southwestern North America, from southern California, extreme southern Nevada eastward to central Texas and southward to central Mexico and the Baja Peninsula. Its preferred habitat is desert scrub, especially along washes where thorny vegetation is present.

Breeding and Nesting

Verdin: Three to six pale to blue green eggs with red brown speckles are laid in a nest made of sticks, leaves, and grass, held together with spider webs and cocoons, lined with grass, feathers, and plant down, and built from 2 to 20 feet above the ground in a shrubby tree, cactus, or bush. Eggs are incubated for 10 days by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Verdin: Eats insects, their larvae and eggs, spiders, berries, and fruits; forages among twigs and leaves, sometimes hanging upside down like a chickadee or titmouse.

Vocalization

Verdin: Song is a melancholy, whistled "tswee-swee, tswee", three notes with the second note higher. Call is a quick "tea-nip."

Similar Species

Verdin: Lucy's Warbler resembles juvenile Verdin, but bill is thinner, dark, and without pink-yellow base. Bushtit has smaller, blunter bill and longer tail. Gnatcatchers have longer tails with black-and-white markings.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
ShoulderX
The short feathers overlying the median secondary coverts on the top of the wing. They are located near the back and can be seen as the “first row” of feathers on the birds wing. They are also called marginal coverts and lesser secondary coverts.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X