Stonechat

Saxicola torquatus

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Old World Flycatchers (Muscicapidae)

Code 4

STON

Code 6

SAXTOR

ITIS

Egg Color:

Green blue with red brown marks



Number of Eggs:

5 - 8



Incubation Days:

14 - 15



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

In bushes, In crevices of rocks, in holes in the ground.



Nest Material:

Grass, moss, plant stems,wool., Lined with hair, wool and feathers.



Migration:

Migratory



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General

Stonechat: Small thrush with black back and white rump. Underparts are white except for orange breast. Head is black and collar is white. Wings are black with white stripes. Tail is black. Female is paler overall with brown head and buff rump. Juvenile resembles female.

Range and Habitat

Stonechat: It has a scattered distribution across much of sub-Saharan Africa, occurring locally as far north as Senegal and Ethiopia. Outlying populations are found the mountains of southwest Arabia and on Madagascar and Grande Comore. It is non-migratory, moving only locally if at all. Prefers open grassland, fynbos shrub-land, swamp edges and cultivated land.

Breeding and Nesting

Stonechat: Five to eight green blue eggs marked with red brown are laid in a nest made of grass, moss, plant stems, and wool, lined with hair, wool, and feathers, and built in deep grass, heather, or under a bush. Incubation ranges from 14 to 15 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Stonechat: Forages for insects on the ground, also gleans from vegetation.

Readily Eats

Raisins, Currants, Nut Meal

Vocalization

Stonechat: Song is a harsh "tchack", like two stones being struck together. Call is a short, squeaky "tsk-tsk-tsk." Also has a variable twittering trill.

Similar Species

Stonechat: None in range.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CollarX
Similar to the upper part of the human neck, located at the back of the crown.
RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X