Rufous-backed Robin

Turdus rufopalliatus




Thrushes (Turdidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:

White with large splotches of red brown

Number of Eggs:

2 - 4

Incubation Days:

12 - 14

Egg Incubator:


Nest Location:

In tree or shrub.

Nest Material:

Lined with finer materials., Mud, rootlets, moss, grasses.





Rufous-backed Robin: Large thrush with rufous back and gray head and rump, Throat is white with black streaks, and breast and sides are rufous-orange. Undertail coverts and belly are white. Bill is yellow with a black tip. Wings are rufous with gray primaries. Tail is gray. Female is duller. Juvenile has paler underparts spotted with dark brown, and brown rump and tail.

Range and Habitat

Rufous-backed Robin: This species is a native of Mexico, and is found along the west coast; it is a casual but regular visitor to the southwest U.S., most often reported in southeast Arizona, but may also occur in southern California and southwest Texas. Found in dense thickets and dry deciduous forests.

Breeding and Nesting

Rufous-backed Robin: Two to four white eggs with large red brown splotches are laid in a nest made of mud, rootlets, moss, and grass, lined with finer materials, and built in a tree or shrub. Incubation ranges from 12 to 14 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Rufous-backed Robin: Eats mainly fruits, but also takes insects and worms. Forages in treetops or on the ground, where it hops and runs.

Readily Eats

Raisins, Currants, Nut Meal


Rufous-backed Robin: Song is a weak, gurgling "cheerup-chere-chere-cheerup." Call is "chuk, chuk."

Similar Species

Rufous-backed Robin: American Robin has gray-brown upperparts, broken white eye-ring, and bold brick-red underparts.


Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Undertail covertsX
Small feathers that cover the areas where the retrices (tail feathers) attach to the rump.
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
The upper front part of a bird.
The primaries are the flight feathers specialized for flight. They are attached to the "hand" equivalent part of the wing.
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X