Long-billed Thrasher

Toxostoma longirostre




Mockingbirds and Thrashers (Mimidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:

Blue green to pale green with red brown speckles

Number of Eggs:

2 - 5

Incubation Days:

13 - 14

Egg Incubator:

Both sexes

Nest Location:

4 - 10 feet above ground., In shrub, bush, or small tree.

Nest Material:

Prickly sticks., Lined with straw and soft grasses.





Long-billed Thrasher: Medium-sized, secretive thrasher with gray-washed brown upperparts and heavily streaked, pale underparts. Eyes are orange. Bill is long, black, and decurved. Wings have two white bars. Tail is long and rufous. Sexes are similar.

Range and Habitat

Long-billed Thrasher: Resident from south-central Texas through Tamaulipas and eastern Coahuila along the Atlantic slope of Mexico to central Veracruz. Most common in the dense woodland along the lower Rio Grande River. It occurs in brushy or thicketed habitats in both open country and wooded areas.

Breeding and Nesting

Long-billed Thrasher: Two to five blue green to pale green eggs speckled with red brown are laid in a cup nest made of prickly sticks, lined with straw and grass, and built 4 to10 feet above the ground in a shrub or small tree. Incubation ranges from 13 to 14 days and is carried out by both parents.

Foraging and Feeding

Long-billed Thrasher: Eats insects, small amphibians, and fruits; forages on the ground and low in trees and shrubs.


Long-billed Thrasher: Call is a "tsuck" or soft "kleak"; also a bold, flutelike "cheeooep."

Similar Species

Long-billed Thrasher: Brown Thrasher has a shorter and less down-curved bill and red-brown upperparts.


Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X