Eastern Yellow Wagtail

Motacilla tschutschensis




Wagtails and Pipits (Motacillidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:

Buff to white with brown, buff or gray marks

Number of Eggs:

4 - 7

Incubation Days:

10 - 13

Egg Incubator:

Both sexes

Nest Location:

On ground.

Nest Material:

Grass,forbs, leaves, and mosses., Lined with hair and feathers.





Eastern Yellow Wagtail: Small wagtail (tschutschensis), with olive-green upperparts and yellow underparts with brown spots on sides of breast. Throat is white with faint brown necklace. Gray head has black ear patches and distinct white eyebrows. Wings are dark with two white bars. Tail is very long, black with white edges and wags constantly. Sexes are similar. Juvenile has buff underparts.

Range and Habitat

Eastern Yellow Wagtail: This species breeds across temperate regions of Asia and in northern and western Alaska, extreme northwestern Canada, and Aleutian archipelago. They spend winters across southern Eurasia south to Australia. Their preferred habitats include wet meadows, riverbanks, and lakeshores.

Breeding and Nesting

Eastern Yellow Wagtail: Four to seven buff to white eggs, marked with brown, buff, or gray, are laid in a cup nest made of grass, forbs, leaves, and mosses, and lined with hair and feathers. Incubation ranges from 10 to 13 days and is carried out by both parents.

Foraging and Feeding

Eastern Yellow Wagtail: Eats insects, worms, snails, and sometimes seeds and fruits; forages on the ground.


Eastern Yellow Wagtail: Song is a short, trilling "chip-chip-chip" or quiet "pee-weet, pee-weet." Call is a bold "tsweep" or "ijit-jijit."

Similar Species

Eastern Yellow Wagtail: Gray Wagtail has longer tail, gray back with flight feathers not edged in white, and black throat during breeding season.


Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
The upper front part of a bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X