Swainson's Warbler

Limnothlypis swainsonii




Wood-Warblers (Parulidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:

White, sometimes with brown speckles

Number of Eggs:

2 - 5

Incubation Days:

13 - 15

Egg Incubator:


Nest Location:

2 - 10 feet above ground., In fork of bush or vines, In cane stands, bushes, brambles or a rank thicket growth form.

Nest Material:

Mass of leaves, pine needles, mammal hair, grasses, Spanish moss and rootlets





Swainson's Warbler: Medium-sized warbler with olive-brown upperparts and pale gray underparts. Head has brown cap, white eyebrows, and dark eye-lines. Wings are plain olive-brown. Sexes are similar.

Range and Habitat

Swainson's Warbler: Breeds throughout the southeastern states from Texas to Virginia. Within this range, lives in canebrakes and thickets in swamps and among hardwoods; in the southern Appalachians it is found in laurel and rhododendron thickets of moist, montane forests. Winters in the West Indies and areas south.

Breeding and Nesting

Swainson's Warbler: Two to five white eggs, sometimes with brown speckles, are laid in a nest made of leaves, pine needles, mammal hair, grass, Spanish moss, and rootlets, and built in a bush or vines, 2 to 10 feet above the ground. Incubation ranges from 13 to 15 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Swainson's Warbler: Eats insects, millipedes, and spiders; forages in shrubs and trees or on the ground, walking and slowly turning over leaves with its bill.

Readily Eats

Sugar Water, Fruit, Nut Pieces


Swainson's Warbler: Song is a clear, bold "whee-whee-whee, whip-poor-will", with opening notes down-slurred and last three clear and faster. Call is a loud clear "chip."

Similar Species

Swainson's Warbler: Worm-eating Warbler has shorter bill, buff head with two pairs of black stripes, and buff underparts.


Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
The area on top of the head of the bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X