Rufous-capped Warbler

Basileuterus rufifrons




Wood-Warblers (Parulidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:

White with red brown flecks and splotches

Number of Eggs:

2 - 4

Incubation Days:

12 - 14

Egg Incubator:


Nest Location:

On the side of steep banks, rocks or logs.

Nest Material:

Lined with finer materials., Grasses and plant fibers.





Rufous-capped Warbler: Small warbler with olive-green upperparts, bright yellow throat and upper breast, and white belly. Head has rufous crown and cheek patch, and white eyebrow. Female and juvenile are duller.

Range and Habitat

Rufous-capped Warbler: Found in parts of Central and South America such as Mexico, Guatemala and Belize. Found as far north into the United States as Arizona and Texas, but the majority of these birds live further south. Prefer tropical venues or brushy habitats. They make their homes in regions with foothills and the lowermost parts of mountains.

Breeding and Nesting

Rufous-capped Warbler: Two to four white eggs with red brown flecks and spotches are laid in a domed nest made of grass and plant fibers, lined with finer materials, and built on the side of a steep bank, rock, or log. Incubation ranges from 12 to 14 days and is carried out by both parents.

Foraging and Feeding

Rufous-capped Warbler: Eats insects and spiders; forages on the ground and in dense brush.

Readily Eats

Sugar Water, Fruit, Nut Pieces


Rufous-capped Warbler: Song begins with "chip-chip-chip", ending with melodic trilling, changing in pitch once or twice. Call is "tik", sometimes doubled or, if agitated, run into a rapid series.

Similar Species

Rufous-capped Warbler: Unlikely to be confused with any other species in this range.

Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
The upper front part of a bird.
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
Also called the supercilicum or superciliary it is the arch of feathers over each eye.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X