Oriental Greenfinch

Chloris sinica

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Fringilline & Cardueline Finches (Fringillidae)

Code 4

ORGR

Code 6

CARSIC

ITIS

Egg Color:

Pale blue with brown spots



Number of Eggs:

3 - 5



Incubation Days:

12 - 14



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

In fork of tree or bush.



Nest Material:

Stems, moss and grasses, with lining of finer materials.



Migration:

Migratory



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General

Oriental Greenfinch: Medium-sized finch with dark gray-brown upperparts, brown underparts, and yellow undertail coverts. Face, breast, and rump are olive-green; cap and nape are gray. Bill is pink. Wings are dark with white-edged feathers and large bright yellow patches. Tail is notched and black with yellow base on outer feathers. Female is duller and browner. Juvenile is lighter than female, streaked on underparts.

Range and Habitat

Oriental Greenfinch: Resident throughout Asia from Russia east to Japan. Rare to casual vagrant in the western Aleutian archipelago and Pribilof Islands in summer and during spring migration. Preferred habitats include open coniferous and deciduous forests, cutover woodlands, riverbanks, and human habitations.

Breeding and Nesting

Oriental Greenfinch: Three to five pale blue eggs spotted with brown are laid in a nest made of stems, moss, and grass, lined with finer materials, and built in a tree or bush. Incubation ranges from 12 to 14 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Oriental Greenfinch: Eats mostly seeds, but also insects; forages in trees, shrubs, weedy areas, and on the ground.

Readily Eats

Safflower, Apple Slices, Suet, Millet, Peanut Kernels, Fruit, Commercial Mixed Bird Seed

Vocalization

Oriental Greenfinch: Call includes various warbled and trilled phrases.

Similar Species

Oriental Greenfinch: None in range.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Undertail covertsX
Small feathers that cover the areas where the retrices (tail feathers) attach to the rump.
UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CapX
The area on top of the head of the bird.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X