Little Bunting

Emberiza pusilla

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Emberizids (Emberizidae)

Code 4

LIBU

Code 6

EMBPUS

ITIS

Egg Color:

Green, gray or pink with dark markings



Number of Eggs:

4 - 6



Incubation Days:

11 - 12



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

Set in depression on ground, hidden by dense vegetation.



Nest Material:

Dried leaves and grass, with fine lining of fine grasses and moss.



Migration:

Migratory



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General

Little Bunting: Small finch with dark-streaked gray-brown upperparts and heavily streaked white underparts. Face and crown are chestnut-brown and black-bordered. Eye-ring is conspicuously dull white; throat is white. Wings have two pale, thin bars. Legs are yellow. Tail has white outer feathers. Female is duller. Rare visitor to Alaska.

Range and Habitat

Little Bunting: Breeds in the taiga of northeastern Europe and across northern Asia. Winters in northern India and other regions of south Asia. Reported on St. Lawrence Island and along the western Aleutian archipelago, northwestern Alaska, and California. Preferred habitats include mountain forests.

Breeding and Nesting

Little Bunting: Four to six glossy, pale green, gray, olive, or pink eggs, marked with black, brown, and lilac, are laid in a nest made of dried leaves and grass, lined with fine grass and moss, and built in a ground depression hidden by dense vegetation. Incubation ranges from 11 to 12 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Little Bunting: Eats mainly seeds and insects; forages primarily on the ground but also gleans foliage.

Vocalization

Little Bunting: Song is a rich "tee-tee-tee-teerec" with repeated phrases. Call is an abrasive "tsick."

Similar Species

Little Bunting: Rustic Bunting is larger, lacks eye-rings and chestnut face, and has a heavier bill with pink lower mandible.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X