Carolina Wren

Thryothorus ludovicianus




Wrens (Troglodytidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:

White or light pink with brown markings

Number of Eggs:

4 - 8

Incubation Days:

12 - 14

Egg Incubator:


Nest Location:

Hidden in ridges of rocks or crevice, under stones, in holes, or sometimes in buildings.

Nest Material:

Sticks, leaves, mosses, and finer material., Lined with feathers and fur.





Carolina Wren: Medium-sized wren with rufous upperparts and buff underparts. Eyebrows are vivid white. Throat is white and bill is long and decurved. Wings and tail are dark barred with white flecks. Sexes are similar.

Range and Habitat

Carolina Wren: Commonly found in the southeastern United States. Range from southeastern Ontario, Canada, to eastern Oklahoma, Nebraska, and Texas. Their southern range extends to the northeastern corner of Mexico and the Yucatan Peninsula, and parts of Central America. Prefer dense shrub and brushy habitats for concealment.

Breeding and Nesting

Carolina Wren: Four to eight white or light pink eggs, marked with brown, are laid in a shallow cup of sticks, leaves, mosses, and finer materials built in a crevice among rocks or, occasionally, on a building. Incubation ranges from 12 to 14 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Carolina Wren: Eats mainly spiders and insects; forages on or near the ground.

Readily Eats

Suet, Nuts


Carolina Wren: Sings a descending rain of notes, "peup, peup, peup tew tew tew tew tew, mew." Call is an abrasive nasal "jeet."

Similar Species

Carolina Wren: Bewick's Wren has white underparts, long rounded tail tipped with white, and different song.


Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X