Henslow's Sparrow

Ammodramus henslowii

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

New World Sparrows and Towhees (Passerellida)

Code 4

HESP

Code 6

AMMHEN

ITIS

Egg Color:

Creamy white to pale green with red brown markings



Number of Eggs:

3 - 5



Incubation Days:

11



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

On ground in slight hollow or sheltered by grassy clump or weeds.



Nest Material:

Grasses and forbs., Lined with plant down, grasses, and hair.



Migration:

Migratory



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General

Henslow's Sparrow: Small sparrow with black-streaked brown upperparts. Breast, sides, and flanks are dark-streaked pale buff; throat and belly are white. Head is olive-brown. Sexes are similar. Juvenile is paler, washed buff-brown and has fewer streaks on underparts.

Range and Habitat

Henslow's Sparrow: Breeds locally from Minnesota, southern Ontario, and central New York (rarely New England) south to Oklahoma, Illinois, and North Carolina. Spends winters in Gulf coast states and along Atlantic coast to North Carolina. Inhabits moist or dry grasslands with scattered weeds and small shrubs.

Breeding and Nesting

Henslow's Sparrow: Three to five creamy white to pale green eggs marked with red brown are laid in a nest woven from grass and forbs, usually built on the ground in a slight hollow or sheltered by a grassy clump or weeds. Eggs are incubated for 11 days by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Henslow's Sparrow: Eats insects, caterpillars, and seeds; forages on the ground around vegetation.

Vocalization

Henslow's Sparrow: Song is "flee-LICK", like an explosive bird hiccup, with emphasis on the second note. Call is a thin, high "tsip."

Similar Species

Henslow's Sparrow: Grasshopper Sparrow has a brown to buff head, pale central crown stripe, dark stripe behind the eye, and buff wash on unstreaked, white underparts.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X