Bachman's Sparrow

Peucaea aestivalis

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

New World Sparrows and Towhees (Passerellida)

Code 4

BACS

Code 6

PEUAES

ITIS

Egg Color:

White



Number of Eggs:

3 - 5



Incubation Days:

12 - 14



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

On ground or grassy tussock., Usually sheltered by tall grass or shrub.



Nest Material:

Grasses and forbs., Lined with plant down, grasses, and hair.



Migration:

Nonmigratory



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General

Bachman's Sparrow: Medium-sized sparrow with brown-streaked gray upperparts and buff underparts except for white belly. Face is gray with brown crown and a thin, dark line extending back from eye. Tail is long, dark, and round-tipped. Upper mandible is dark. Sexes are similar. Juvenile is buff and streaked underneath.

Range and Habitat

Bachman's Sparrow: Breeds in southeastern U.S. north to Illinois, Kentucky, Arkansas, Oklahoma, and Missouri, but in very limited locations. Resident in southern Atlantic and Gulf coast states. Inhabits dry open pine or oak woods with a scattering of scrub; also frequents overgrown weedy fields and pastures.

Breeding and Nesting

Bachman's Sparrow: Three to five white eggs are laid in a domed nest with a side entrance, made of grass and forbs, and lined with plant down, grass, and hair. Incubation ranges from 12 to 14 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Bachman's Sparrow: Eats mostly insects, but also snails, seeds, and spiders; forages on the ground.

Vocalization

Bachman's Sparrow: Song is a clear, sweet whistle followed by a trill on a different pitch. Call is a snakelike hiss.

Similar Species

Bachman's Sparrow: Field Sparrow is smaller, with smaller pink bill, gray head, brown crown, brown ear patch, white eye-ring, and gray underparts with buff wash.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Upper mandibleX
The upper part of the bill.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X