Mottled Petrel

Pterodroma inexpectata

Order

PROCELLARIIFORMES

Family

Petrels and Shearwaters (Procellariidae)

Code 4

MOPE

Code 6

PTEINE

ITIS

Egg Color:

White



Number of Eggs:

1



Incubation Days:

54



Egg Incubator:

Both sexes



Nest Location:

In burrow or rock crevices.



Nest Material:

No material added to nest.



Migration:

Migratory



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General

Mottled Petrel: Medium-sized petrel; mostly gray with mottled white markings. Face is gray and white; throat, upper breast, anterior superciliary area, lower ear coverts and undertail are white; tail is short. Wings have distinct black bars on white undersides; pale fringes give the upperparts a scaly look. Bill is short and black; iris dark brown; legs and base of feet light, fleshy-pink; rest of feet are black. Sexes are similar. Juvenile is similar to adult but has more noticeable pale scaling above.

Range and Habitat

Mottled Petrel: This species breeds on islands off New Zealand. It is migratory, and visits the Bering Sea and other areas of the northeastern Pacific in spring and summer. They visit the waters off Alaska and British Columbia, and rarely travel south to Oregon and California. This species is pelagic, only coming ashore to breed.

Breeding and Nesting

Mottled Petrel: These petrels are summer breeders, returning in late October to clean out the nests and mate, and laying eggs in December. They are monogamous, mating for life, and reuse the same burrow from year to year. One white egg is laid on a pile of grass in a burrow or crevice. Incubation is carried out by both parents for 54 days.

Foraging and Feeding

Mottled Petrel: These petrels feed mainly on squid, fish and some crustaceans. Usually they feed by dipping their bill and face into the sea whilst still in flight, but occasionally they land on the sea to peck at small prey either on or just under the surface. They sometimes feed in association with the Sooty Shearwater. They do not follow ships.

Vocalization

Mottled Petrel: On breeding grounds gives a repetitive, rapid "ti-ti-ti." Also utters a deep, bugle-note "goo-oo."

Similar Species

Mottled Petrel: Cook's Petrel has white underparts, underwings, and outer tail feathers.

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UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
PelagicX
The pelagic is a type of bird whose habitat is on the open ocean rather than in a coastal region or on inland bodies of water (lakes, rivers). An example of a pelagic bird is the blacklegged kittiwake.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X