Gray-faced Petrel

Pterodroma gouldi

Order

PROCELLARIIFORMES

Family

Petrels and Shearwaters (Procellariidae)

Code 4

GFPE

Code 6

PTEGOU

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Gray-faced Petrel occurs in the Tasman Sea, from the western coast of Australia east to New Zealand's North Island. This highly pelagic species has a range of 17,500,000 square kilometers and an estimated population of 600,000 to 900,000 individuals. The main threat facing these petrels is non-native mammals, particularly cats because they prey on both chicks and adults. Eradication efforts have resulted in population recoveries. Because of the very large range and population, the IUCN rates the Gray-faced Petrel as Least Concern.

SUMMARY

Overview

Gray-faced Petrel: Large petrel with brown body, pale gray forehead, face, chin, and throat. Bill is black and stout. The legs and feet are black. Feed on fish, squid and crustaceans. In New Zealand it is also known by its Maori name oi and as a muttonbird.


Range and Habitat

Gray-faced Petrel: This species has a limited range, breeding in the Southern Hemisphere on offshore islands, coastal headlands and cliffs off of southern Australia and northern New Zealand. These birds are pelagic, coming ashore only to breed. It occurs as a very rare vagrant off the California Coast.

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Gray-faced Petrel SONGS AND CALLS

Gray-faced Petrel_20200127_CHX_XC41218_01.mp3

Great-winged Petrel LLL1

High-pitched calls from a begging chick.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"o-hi", "o-hoe", "or-wik", "si-si-si"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Most petrel species can regurgitate their stomach oil as a defense mechanism against predators.
  • Petrels are tireless fliers by day, at night they rest on the water; many return to land only to breed.
  • Petrels typically have long nostrils, indicating a strong sense of smell, unusual for birds.
  • A group of petrels are collectively known as a "gallon" and a "tank" of petrels.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

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PelagicX
The pelagic is a type of bird whose habitat is on the open ocean rather than in a coastal region or on inland bodies of water (lakes, rivers). An example of a pelagic bird is the blacklegged kittiwake.
ChinX
The area of the face just below the bill.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X