Great-winged Petrel

Pterodroma macroptera

Order

PROCELLARIIFORMES

Family

Petrels and Shearwaters (Procellariidae)

Code 4

GWPE

Code 6

PTEMAC

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Great-winged Petrel has a large range, estimated globally at 100,000 to 1,000,000 square kilometers. It is native to Australia, New Zealand, Africa, and the Sandwich Islands, though it has been spotted in Antarctica, Brazil, the United States, Argentina, Chile, and the Falkland Islands. This bird prefers a marine ecosystem that is coastal, oceanic, or neritic. The global population is estimated to be 420,000 individuals, and the population does not show a decline rate that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. Because of this, the current evaluation status of the Great-winged Petrel is Least Concern.

SUMMARY

Overview

Great-winged Petrel: Large petrel with brown-black body except for pale gray forehead, face, chin, and throat. Bill is black and stout. The legs and feet are black. Feed on fish, squid and crustaceans. In New Zealand it is also known by its Maori name oi and as a muttonbird. AKA Grey-faced Petrel.


Range and Habitat

Great-winged Petrel: This species has a limited range, breeding in the Southern Hemisphere on offshore islands, coastal headlands and cliffs off of southern Australia and northern New Zealand. These birds are pelagic, coming ashore only to breed. It occurs as a very rare vagrant off the California Coast.

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Great-winged Petrel SONGS AND CALLS

Great-winged Petrel LLL1

High-pitched calls from a begging chick.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"o-hi", "o-hoe", "or-wik", "si-si-si"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Most petrel species can regurgitate their stomach oil as a defense mechanism against predators.
  • Petrels are tireless fliers by day, at night they rest on the water; many return to land only to breed.
  • Petrels typically have long nostrils, indicating a strong sense of smell, unusual for birds.
  • A group of petrels are collectively known as a "gallon" and a "tank" of petrels.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Artist

Irina Rud-Volga

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

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ChinX
The area of the face just below the bill.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
PelagicX
The pelagic is a type of bird whose habitat is on the open ocean rather than in a coastal region or on inland bodies of water (lakes, rivers). An example of a pelagic bird is the blacklegged kittiwake.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X