Black Storm-Petrel

Oceanodroma melania

Order

PROCELLARIIFORMES

Family

Storm-Petrels (Hydrobatidae)

Code 4

BLSP

Code 6

OCEMEL

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Black Storm-petrel is a small seabird that breeds on islands off the coasts of the state of California and Baja California. It occurs in pelagic waters from central California to northern Peru. Feral cats and rats used to be more of a threat to this species, but restoration efforts have removed many of these introduced predators from nesting islands. The Black Storm-petrel has an estimated population of 500,000 individuals and a conservation rating of Least Concern.

SUMMARY

Overview

Black Storm-Petrel: Small seabird, brown-black overall with long, dark wings showing pale bar on upper side, and forked tail. The hooked bill is dark and has a tube on top. Legs and feet are black. Flight is mothlike with deep, steady wing beats. Comes closer to shore than most other storm-petrels.


Range and Habitat

Black Storm-Petrel: This species breeds along the Pacific Coast from southern California to South America, and on islands off both coasts of Baja California. Individuals may wander farther north during migration. They are pelagic, nesting on rocky islands and spending the rest of the year on the open ocean.

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Black Storm-Petrel SONGS AND CALLS

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"tuck-a-roo"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Colonies are attended nocturnally in order to avoid predatory birds such as gulls, peregrine falcons, and owls.
  • It has two wintering grounds, one in the California Current off Central California and another further south off the coast of Central America as far south as Colombia. It is thought to migrate in this fashion in order to avoid hurricanes in its breeding grounds.
  • The Black Storm-Petrel is the largest and most commonly seen of the all-dark storm-petrels in California. It is also the species most likely to enter bays and estuaries in search of its food.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

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PelagicX
The pelagic is a type of bird whose habitat is on the open ocean rather than in a coastal region or on inland bodies of water (lakes, rivers). An example of a pelagic bird is the blacklegged kittiwake.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X