Scott's Oriole

Icterus parisorum

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Blackbirds (Icteridae)

Code 4

SCOR

Code 6

ICTPAR

ITIS

Egg Color:

Light blue with gray, black and red brown spots



Number of Eggs:

2 - 4



Incubation Days:

12 - 14



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

4 - 15 feet above ground., Attached to tree branch.



Nest Material:

Lined with plant material., Grasses



Migration:

Migratory



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General

Scott's Oriole: Medium-sized oriole with black hood extending onto breast and back. Belly and rump are bright yellow. Wings are black with yellow shoulder patches and two white bars. Tail is yellow with thick black tip and central line. Female is duller with gray hood, black breast patch, and mottled black back. Juvenile resembles female but is grayer, lacks breast patch, and has streaked back.

Range and Habitat

Scott's Oriole: Breeds in southern California, southern Nevada, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, and western Texas. Spends winters mainly south of the U.S.-Mexico border. Found in desert grassland prairies and mountain canyons, particularly if yucca or palms are present; nests in pinyon-juniper woodlands, sycamores, and cottonwoods.

Breeding and Nesting

Scott's Oriole: Two to four pale blue eggs marked with gray, black, and brown are laid in a pendant-shaped nest woven through overhanging leaves or suspended from twigs. Nest is built from yucca and palm fibers, and lined with fine grass, cotton waste, and hair. Incubation ranges from 12 to 14 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Scott's Oriole: Feeds mainly on insects, such as grasshoppers, small beetles, caterpillars, and butterflies; also eats berries, cactus fruit, and flower nectar. Sometimes forages by climbing on drooping branches and twigs, especially when probing flowers.

Readily Eats

Suet, Jelly, Orange Halves, Raisins

Vocalization

Scott's Oriole: Song is a low, clear whistle with slightly gurgling quality. Call is a harsh, relatively low-pitched "cherk", "jug", or "shack." In flight, gives a husky, low "zhet."

Similar Species

Scott's Oriole: Audubon's Oriole lacks black back. Other female orioles lack dark streaks on back and have orange in plumages.

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BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
ShoulderX
The short feathers overlying the median secondary coverts on the top of the wing. They are located near the back and can be seen as the “first row” of feathers on the birds wing. They are also called marginal coverts and lesser secondary coverts.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X