Common Grackle

Quiscalus quiscula




Blackbirds (Icteridae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:

Light brown or green with brown and purple marks

Number of Eggs:

4 - 7

Incubation Days:

12 - 14

Egg Incubator:


Nest Location:

In tree., 2 - 12 feet above ground

Nest Material:

Twigs, grass, leaves, rootlets, bits of debris, and feathers.





Common Grackle: Medium-sized blackbird with metallic purple sheen on back, head, neck, and breast. Eyes are bright yellow. Central feathers of long, rounded tail are often lowered to show keeled V-shape. Female is smaller and duller. Juvenile is dark brown with dark eyes.

Range and Habitat

Common Grackle: Breeds throughout North America east of the Rocky Mountains and south of tundra, though it is only found in the northern portions of its range during summer months. Resident from southern New England and Minnesota south to the Gulf Coast. Inhabits fields, wet meadows, urban areas, shorelines and willow shrublands up to the lower subalpine.

Breeding and Nesting

Common Grackle: Four to seven light brown or green eggs with brown and purple markings are laid in a bulky cup made of twigs, grass, mud, feathers, and occasionally trash. Nest is built in a tree 2 to12 feet above the ground. Incubation ranges from 12 to 14 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Common Grackle: Diet includes insects, bird eggs and nestlings, lizards, fish, fruits, and seeds.

Readily Eats

Cracked Corn, Suet, Millet, Nuts, Sunflower


Common Grackle: Call is a quick, loud "swaaaack."

Similar Species

Common Grackle: Great-tailed and Boat-tailed Grackles are larger and have longer tails.

The upper front part of a bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X