Indian Peafowl

Pavo cristatus

Order

GALLIFORMES

Family

Partridges, Grouse, Turkeys, Old World Quail (Phasianidae)

Code 4

INPE

Code 6

PAVCRI

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Indian Peafowl, also known as the Blue Peafowl, is native to India. These peacocks are the national bird of India, but have been introduced in other parts of the world. The preferred habitat of the Common Peafowl includes dry, semi-desert areas, grasslands, scrublands and deciduous forests. This bird forages for food and nests on the ground. Its diet consists largely of seeds, insects, fruit, small mammals and reptiles. Male Common Peafowl show the characteristic colorful tail feathers during breeding season. Due to maintained and increasing populations, the Common Peafowl has a conservation rating of Least Concern.

SUMMARY

Overview

Indian Peafowl: This large peacock has a glossy iridescent blue head, neck and breast, white patches above and below the eye, a fan-shaped blue crest, and a long train of striking tail feathers with colorful eye-spots on each one. Feeds on seeds and insects. Female lacks the train and has a green lower neck and duller plumage. Direct flight with rapid wing beats. One of the largest flying birds. Formerly Common Peafowl, the name was changed in 2014 by the American Ornithologist Union.


Range and Habitat

Indian Peafowl: Native to southern India and Ceylon. Introduced and established in scattered localities in Hawaii (Hawaii, Oahu, Nihau, and Maui). In North America, common in zoos, however small feral populations exist in southern California and Florida. Preferred habitats include lowlands and foothills.

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Indian Peafowl SONGS AND CALLS

Indian Peafowl E1

Call is a loud "pia-ow".

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"Kaay-YOW, kaay-YOW, kaay-YOW"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The long tail feathers on the male are called a train. The trains develop in their third year and are fully molted annually.
  • The peacock, not the peahen, is the national bird of India.
  • There are feral populations throughout southern Florida. Many are zoo escapees, others are domestic birds kept on personal property that have wandered off.
  • A group of peacocks has many collective nouns, including a "bawl", "muster", "pride", "ostentation", and "pulchritrude" of peacocks.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Artist

Irina Rud-Volga

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

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BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CrestX
Tufts of feathers on the head of the bird.
ChestX
Also called the breast area, it is the frontal area on the body containing the breastplate and major flight muscles.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X