Ruff

Calidris pugnax

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Sandpipers, Phalaropes (Scolopacidae)

Code 4

RUFF

Code 6

PHIPUG

ITIS

HEAD

Ruff Head Illustration
  • Bill Shape: Dagger
  • Eye Color: Dark brown
  • Head pattern: Crested or plumed, Streaked, Eyering, Unique pattern
  • Crown Color: Brown to gray-brown streaked.
  • Forehead Color: Buff to gray or brown.
  • Nape Color: Buff to gray or brown.
  • Throat Color: White, with orange-brown streaking.
  • Cere color: No Data

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BODY

Ruff Body Illustration
  • Length Range: 20-30 cm (8-12 in)
  • Weight: 254 g (8.95 oz)
  • Size: Medium (9 - 16 in)
  • Color Primary: Brown
  • Underparts: White, with brown to black mottling.
  • Upperparts: Gray to brown, with variable buff, red, and black.
  • Back Pattern: Scaled or scalloped
  • Belly Pattern: Solid
  • Breast Pattern: Solid

FLIGHT

Ruff Flight Illustration
  • Flight Pattern: Direct flight with rapid wing beats.
  • Wingspan Range: 46-56 cm (18-22 in)
  • Wing Shape: Pointed-Wings
  • Tail shape: Pointed Tail
  • Tail Pattern: Banded
  • Upper Tail: White with dark central stripe.
  • Under Tail: White
  • Leg Color: Orange-yellow
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Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X