Wood Stork

Mycteria americana

Order

CICONIIFORMES

Family

Storks (Ciconiidae)

Code 4

WOST

Code 6

MYCAME

ITIS

Egg Color:

White



Number of Eggs:

2 - 5



Incubation Days:

27 - 32



Egg Incubator:

Both sexes



Nest Location:

On ground.



Nest Material:

Made with large sticks and sparsely lined with fine materials.



Migration:

Nonmigratory



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General

Wood Stork: Large, odd wading bird, mostly white except for black flight feathers and tail. Upper neck and head are featherless and dark gray. Bill is thick, long, and curved downward. Sexes are similar. Juvenile has yellow bill and brown down on neck and head.

Range and Habitat

Wood Stork: Breeds in Florida and Georgia; very rarely it may breed elsewhere along the coast from South Carolina to Texas. Wanders as far as California and Massachusetts, though very rarely. Resident along coastal Mexico and in the West Indies. Breeding habitat is chiefly in cypress swamps; also in mangroves.

Breeding and Nesting

Wood Stork: Lays two to five white eggs in nest made of twigs, vines, and moss, built at the top of tall tree; nests in colonies. Incubation ranges from 27 to 32 days and is carried out by both parents.

Foraging and Feeding

Wood Stork: Eats small fish, tadpoles, frogs, and crayfish. Hunts by wading with its bill open just under the water surface, snapping it shut when encountering prey.

Vocalization

Wood Stork: Usually silent except around nest, but will emit a dull croak. Young make clattering noises with their bills.

Similar Species

Wood Stork: White Pelican tucks neck in flight, has short legs and long, orange bill. Whooping Crane has white secondaries and a white, feathered head and neck. White Ibis is much smaller with white head and neck, red bill, and white secondaries.

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Flight feathersX
Located on the wing, and collectively called remiges (singular, remex). The long stiff feathers are subdivided into two major groups based on the location and are called primaries and secondaries.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X