Grasshopper Sparrow

Ammodramus savannarum

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

New World Sparrows and Towhees (Passerellida)

Code 4

GRSP

Code 6

AMMSAV

ITIS

Egg Color:

Creamy white with spots and flecks of red brown



Number of Eggs:

3 - 6



Incubation Days:

11 - 12



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

On ground.



Nest Material:

Grasses., Lined with rootlets and hair.



Migration:

Migratory



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General

Grasshopper Sparrow: Medium-sized sparrow with brown-streaked upperparts and white underparts. Face, flanks, and breast are plain buff-brown. Head is flat with central white stripe though dark crown. Upper mandible is gray, while lower mandible is yellow. Sexes are similar. Juvenile has streaked breast and yellow bill.

Range and Habitat

Grasshopper Sparrow: Breeds from British Columbia and Manitoba to New Hampshire south to California, Texas and central Florida. Absent from the desert southwest. Winters along the southern half of the U.S. and throughout Mexico. Inhabits prairie grasslands, pastures, old weedy fields, palmetto scrub, grain fields, and hayfields.

Breeding and Nesting

Grasshopper Sparrow: Three to six creamy white eggs with spots and flecks of red brown are laid in a cup of grass lined with rootlets and hair, and built near or on the ground. Incubation ranges from 11 to 12 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Grasshopper Sparrow: Feeds mostly on insects, including grasshoppers(staple), beetles, caterpillars, and crickets; also eats spiders, earthworms, snails, and seeds; forages on the ground.

Vocalization

Grasshopper Sparrow: A high pitched "kip-kip-kip zeee", usually uttered from the top of a weed stalk.

Similar Species

Grasshopper Sparrow: Baird's Sparrow has streaks across breast. Henslow's Sparrow has olive face and rust-brown wings. Le Conte's Sparrow has smaller bill and streaked flanks.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Lower mandibleX
The lower part of the bill.
Upper mandibleX
The upper part of the bill.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X