Little Curlew

Numenius minutus

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Sandpipers, Phalaropes (Scolopacidae)

Code 4

LICU

Code 6

NUMMIN

ITIS

Egg Color:

Light to dark green or blue with brown markings



Number of Eggs:

4



Incubation Days:

22 - 23



Egg Incubator:

Both sexes



Nest Location:

On ground.



Nest Material:

Lined with dry grass.



Migration:

Migratory



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General

Little Curlew: Medium-sized curlew with brown-streaked upperparts, white throat, dark-streaked gray breast, and white belly. Head has brown crown. Bill is short and slightly down-curved. Sexes are similar.

Range and Habitat

Little Curlew: Very rare species; breeds in central and northeast Siberia and winters mainly in northern Australia; casual fall vagrant to coastal California. Breeds in open woodlands in river valleys; otherwise found on grasslands, cultivated areas, and around margins of ponds and lakes, less often on coasts.

Breeding and Nesting

Little Curlew: Four brown marked, light to dark green or blue eggs are laid in a ground depression lined with dry grass. Incubation ranges from 23 to 23 days and is carried out by both parents.

Foraging and Feeding

Little Curlew: Feeds mainly on insects; also eats worms and berries.

Vocalization

Little Curlew: Song is composed of a musical "quee-dlee" and a loud "tchew-tchew-tchew."

Similar Species

Little Curlew: Whimbrel has longer, more curved bill and dark lores.

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UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X