White-rumped Sandpiper

Calidris fuscicollis

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Sandpipers, Phalaropes (Scolopacidae)

Code 4

WRSA

Code 6

CALFUS

ITIS

Egg Color:

Olive to light green marked with brown



Number of Eggs:

3 - 4



Incubation Days:

21 - 22



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

On ground.



Nest Material:

Moss and lichen.



Migration:

Migratory



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General

White-rumped Sandpiper: Small sandpiper with brown and black scaled upperparts and distinct white rump. Neck and upper breast are white with brown streaks. Streaked head has white eyebrows. Thin white stripes on dark wings are visible in flight. Tail is rounded and black. Legs are dark and feet have no webbing. Sexes are similar. Winter adult is grayer and is less streaked on breast.

Range and Habitat

White-rumped Sandpiper: Breeds in extreme northern Alaska and along the Canadian Arctic. Long-distance migrant, wintering as far south as the outer islands of Antarctica. During migration, found throughout much of central and eastern North America in mudflats, flooded fields, shallow marshes, beaches, and sandbars.

Breeding and Nesting

White-rumped Sandpiper: Three to four brown marked, olive to light green eggs are laid in a ground nest made of lichens, moss, and leaves. Incubation ranges from 21 to 22 days and is carried out by the female. Young fly at 16 to 17 days.

Foraging and Feeding

White-rumped Sandpiper: Feeds on insects, marine worms, mollusks, crustaceans, leaches, seeds, and other vegetation.

Vocalization

White-rumped Sandpiper: High-pitched, squeaky "jeeet."

Similar Species

White-rumped Sandpiper: Baird's Sandpiper is more buff-brown and lacks white rump.

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UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X