Lesser Sand-Plover

Charadrius mongolus

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Lapwings and Plovers (Charadriidae)

Code 4

LSAP

Code 6

CHAMON

ITIS

Egg Color:

Red buff to olive buff with brown and black spots



Number of Eggs:

3



Incubation Days:

24 - 27



Egg Incubator:

Both sexes



Nest Location:

On ground, near water.



Nest Material:

Lined with fried vegetation and seeds.



Migration:

Migratory



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General

Lesser Sand-Plover: Medium-sized plover with gray upperparts, white underparts, and bright rust-brown breast band and nape. Head has gray-brown cap and thick black eyestripe broken by a white forehead. Throat is white with a black border. Female is duller. Winter adult and juvenile lack breast bands.

Range and Habitat

Lesser Sand-Plover: Asian species; rare migrant on Aleutians and islands off western Alaska. Casual in summer in western and northwestern Alaska, where it has bred; accidental in eastern North America. Prefers tundra and alpine tundra for nesting; winters on coastal tidal flats, estuaries, and sandy beaches.

Breeding and Nesting

Lesser Sand-Plover: Three red buff to olive buff eggs spotted with brown and black are laid in a shallow ground hollow lined with dried vegetation and seeds, usually built near water. Incubation ranges from 24 to 27 days and is carried out by both parents. Young start to fly at 26 to 31 days. Sometimes raises two broods per year.

Foraging and Feeding

Lesser Sand-Plover: Feeds on insects, mollusks, crustaceans, and worms; forages on the ground.

Vocalization

Lesser Sand-Plover: Calls include a hard "drrrit", low-pitched "kruit-kruit", or a gravelly "krrreeeerrr."

Similar Species

Greater Sand-Plover is larger, has a longer bill, narrower and better-defined rufous breast band, and all-white forehead.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CapX
The area on top of the head of the bird.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X