Eurasian Dotterel

Charadrius morinellus

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Lapwings and Plovers (Charadriidae)

Code 4

EUDO

Code 6

CHAMOR

ITIS

Egg Color:

Brown olive with black blotches



Number of Eggs:

3



Incubation Days:

24 - 28



Egg Incubator:

Male



Nest Location:

On ground.



Nest Material:

Lined with leaves, grass, and lichens.



Migration:

Migratory



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General

Eurasian Dotterel: Medium-sized shorebird with gray upperparts, rust-brown flanks and belly with black lower margin, and white vent. Narrow white breast band is prominent. Cap is dark and two white eyestripes meet in a V at nape. Feet and legs are yellow. Female is similar but brighter. Winter adult and juvenile are duller with buff eyebrows, vague breast band, scaled gray-brown back, and white or buff underparts.

Range and Habitat

Eurasian Dotterel: This species is a native of Eurasia. It occurs occasionally in northwestern Alaska during summer months, and has also been recorded along the Pacific Coast to southern California. Nests on plateaus and mountain slopes below highest tops; prefers dry sandy or stony areas on high plateaus during winter.

Breeding and Nesting

Eurasian Dotterel: Three brown olive eggs with black blotches are laid on the ground in a deep depression lined with leaves and lichens. Incubation ranges from 24 to 28 days and is carried out by the male.

Foraging and Feeding

Eurasian Dotterel: Eats insects, worms, and mollusks.

Vocalization

Eurasian Dotterel: Song is a whistled "pweet-pweet-pweet." When alarmed utters a loud trill.

Similar Species

Eurasian Dotterel: Winter and immature American Golden Plovers have dark legs and feet, and lack pale breast bands.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CapX
The area on top of the head of the bird.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
VentX
Birds do not have two separate cavities for excrement and reproduction like humans do. In birds, there is one single entrance/exit that suits both functions called the vent, cloaca or anus.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X