Dusky Flycatcher

Empidonax oberholseri

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Tyrant Flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Code 4

DUFL

Code 6

EMPOBE

ITIS

Egg Color:

White



Number of Eggs:

3 - 4



Incubation Days:

12 - 16



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

3 - 7 feet above ground.



Nest Material:

Grasses, weeds, and bark, lined with plant down, soft grasses, and feathers.



Migration:

Migratory



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General

Dusky Flycatcher: Small flycatcher with olive-gray upperparts and white- or yellow-tinged underparts. Upper breast has a darker band. Eye has faint eye-ring. Sexes are similar.

Range and Habitat

Dusky Flycatcher: Breeds from British Columbia and western South Dakota south to southern California, central Arizona, and northern New Mexico. Spends winters south of the U.S.-Mexico border, and in southern Arizona and Texas. Preferred habitats include woodlands containing tall trees and tall undergrowth, mountain chaparral, and open, brushy coniferous forests.

Breeding and Nesting

Dusky Flycatcher: Three to four white eggs are laid in a neat, twiggy cup set low in the crotch of a shrub or small tree. Incubation ranges from 12 to 16 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Dusky Flycatcher: Eats flying insects; forages low over shrubby vegetation.

Vocalization

Dusky Flycatcher: Song is a variety of melancholy notes.

Similar Species

Dusky Flycatcher: Hammond’s Flycatcher is smaller and darker below. Gray Flycatcher is grayer above and rangier.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X