Hermit Warbler

Setophaga occidentalis

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Wood-Warblers (Parulidae)

Code 4

HEWA

Code 6

SETOCC

ITIS

Egg Color:

White with red, brown and lavender blotches



Number of Eggs:

3 - 5



Incubation Days:

12



Egg Incubator:

Both sexes



Nest Location:

15 - 120 feet above ground.



Nest Material:

Sticks, plant material, stems, and lichen with lining of hair, feathers.



Migration:

Migratory



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General

Hermit Warbler: Small warbler with gray upperparts, white underparts, and black-streaked flanks. Head is yellow with black throat and nape. Wings are gray with two white bars. Female has black-mottled throat and nape, and gray back. Juvenile is similar to female but has white throat and gray nape.

Range and Habitat

Hermit Warbler: This species breeds along the Pacific Coast from Washington to northern California and along the Sierra Nevada. They spend winters along coastal southern California and south of the U.S.-Mexico border in central and southern Mexico. Its preferred habitats include mature coniferous forests.

Breeding and Nesting

Hermit Warbler: Three to five white eggs, blotched with red, brown and lavender, are laid in a neat shallow cup nest made of rootlets, bark, and pine needles, and saddled on a conifer branch, usually 20 to 40 feet above the ground. Eggs are incubated for approximately 12 days by both parents.

Foraging and Feeding

Hermit Warbler: Eats mostly insects. Spends most of the time foraging high in trees; male tends to forage higher than female.

Vocalization

Hermit Warbler: Song is a series of high notes.

Similar Species

Hermit Warbler: Townsend's Warbler has dark ear patches, yellow face, and black streaks on the breast.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X