Prairie Warbler

Setophaga discolor




Wood-Warblers (Parulidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:

White or pale green with brown spots at large end

Number of Eggs:

4 - 5

Incubation Days:

11 - 14

Egg Incubator:


Nest Location:

1- 45 feet above ground.

Nest Material:

Grasses, stems, bark pieces, plant down, and leaves.





Prairie Warbler: Small warbler with brown-streaked, olive-green upperparts with reddish-brown streaking and bright yellow underparts with black streaks on sides. Head has a yellow-green cap, yellow face, and dark eye and cheek stripes. Female and juvenile are duller with less distinct, but still visible, facial markings. Constantly wags tail.

Range and Habitat

Prairie Warbler: Declining in the upper midwestern part of its range. Breeds from southern Ontario and central New England south to Oklahoma, the Gulf Coast, and Florida; local in many areas. Winters in southern Florida and in the tropics. Preferred habitats include mixed pine-oak barrens, old pastures, hillsides scattered with red cedars, open scrub, and mangrove swamps; not often found in prairies.

Breeding and Nesting

Prairie Warbler: Four to five white eggs, with brown spots at large end, are laid in a nest made of grass and leaves, lined with hair and feathers, and usually set low in a bush or small tree. Incubation ranges from 11 to 14 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Prairie Warbler: Eats mostly insects; forages by gleaning foliage, catching insects in mid-air, hovering, clinging to vertical stems, hanging upside down, and feeding on the ground.

Readily Eats

Sugar Water, Fruit, Nut Pieces


Prairie Warbler: Song is a buzzing "zee-zee-zee" with up to 10 rapidly ascending notes.

Similar Species

Prairie Warbler: Palm Warbler is paler below with heavier streaks on breast.


Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
The area on top of the head of the bird.
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X