Brown-crested Flycatcher

Myiarchus tyrannulus

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Tyrant Flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Code 4

BCFL

Code 6

MYITYR

ITIS

Egg Color:

White to buff with brown and lavender blotches.



Number of Eggs:

3 - 6



Incubation Days:

13 - 15



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

5 - 30 feet above ground.



Nest Material:

Lined with plant fibers, animal hair, feathers, and often adds snakeskin.



Migration:

Migratory



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General

Brown-crested Flycatcher: Medium-sized flycatcher with olive-brown upperparts, yellow underparts, and pale gray throat. Bill is long, stout, and solid black. Wings have rufous patches. Tail is long and rufous. Sexes are similar.

Range and Habitat

Brown-crested Flycatcher: Breeds from southern California, southern Nevada, central Arizona, and southern Texas southward. Spends winters mainly south of the U.S.-Mexico border; some individuals may winter in Louisiana and southern Florida. Preferred habitats include arid lands in areas with cacti or large trees.

Breeding and Nesting

Brown-crested Flycatcher: Three to six white to buff eggs with brown and lavender blotches are laid in a nest lined with feathers, fibers, and hairs, and built in a tree cavity, cactus, or on a fence post. Incubation ranges from 13 to 15 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Brown-crested Flycatcher: Feeds on insects, berries, and other fruits; has been observed eating hummingbirds.

Vocalization

Brown-crested Flycatcher: Song is a "come HERE, come HERE", a sharp "wit", or "way-burg".

Similar Species

Brown-crested Flycatcher: Great Crested Flycatcher has darker gray throat and breast and rust-brown tail. Ash-throated Flycatcher has paler yellow underparts and rust-brown tail.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X