Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Wood-Warblers (Parulidae)

Code 4

OVEN

Code 6

SEIAUR

ITIS

Egg Color:

White with gray or brown flecks



Number of Eggs:

3 - 6



Incubation Days:

11 - 14



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

In slight hollow on ground of forest.



Nest Material:

Leaves, grasses, stems, rootlets, mosses and hair.



Migration:

Migratory



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General

Ovenbird: Medium-sized, ground walking warbler with olive-brown upperparts and heavily spotted white underparts. Head has a dull orange central crown stripe, bold white eye-ring, and black eyebrows. Wings and tail are olive-green. Legs are pink, stout, and long. Sexes are similar. Juvenile is duller and has olive-brown crown stripe.

Range and Habitat

Ovenbird: Breeds from west-central Canada east to the Maritimes, and south to the northern regions of the Gulf Coast states and South Carolina. Spends winters from the Gulf Coast and Florida, southern Mexico, the West Indies, and South America. Preferred habitats include mature, dry forests with little undergrowth.

Breeding and Nesting

Ovenbird: Three to six white eggs, flecked with gray or brown, are laid in a domed or oven-shaped nest with a side entrance. Nest is made of dead leaves and plant fibers, lined with grass, and built on the ground. Incubation ranges from 11 to 14 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Ovenbird: Feeds on insects, spiders, snails, and worms; also eats seeds and other vegetation during winter; forages while walking on the ground.

Readily Eats

Sugar Water, Fruit, Nut Pieces

Vocalization

Ovenbird: Emits a loud staccato song of "teacher, teacher, teacher" with geographical variation in emphasis. The flight song, often given at night, is a bubbling and exuberant series of jumbled notes ending with the familiar "teacher, teacher."

Similar Species

Ovenbird: Louisiana and Northern waterthrushes have a white to yellow stripe behind eyes, and lack eye-rings and black borders on crowns.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X