Seiurus aurocapilla




Wood-Warblers (Parulidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:

White with gray or brown flecks

Number of Eggs:

3 - 6

Incubation Days:

11 - 14

Egg Incubator:


Nest Location:

In slight hollow on ground of forest.

Nest Material:

Leaves, grasses, stems, rootlets, mosses and hair.





Ovenbird: Medium-sized, ground walking warbler with olive-brown upperparts and heavily spotted white underparts. Head has a dull orange central crown stripe, bold white eye-ring, and black eyebrows. Wings and tail are olive-green. Legs are pink, stout, and long. Sexes are similar. Juvenile is duller and has olive-brown crown stripe.

Range and Habitat

Ovenbird: Breeds from west-central Canada east to the Maritimes, and south to the northern regions of the Gulf Coast states and South Carolina. Spends winters from the Gulf Coast and Florida, southern Mexico, the West Indies, and South America. Preferred habitats include mature, dry forests with little undergrowth.

Breeding and Nesting

Ovenbird: Three to six white eggs, flecked with gray or brown, are laid in a domed or oven-shaped nest with a side entrance. Nest is made of dead leaves and plant fibers, lined with grass, and built on the ground. Incubation ranges from 11 to 14 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Ovenbird: Feeds on insects, spiders, snails, and worms; also eats seeds and other vegetation during winter; forages while walking on the ground.

Readily Eats

Sugar Water, Fruit, Nut Pieces


Ovenbird: Emits a loud staccato song of "teacher, teacher, teacher" with geographical variation in emphasis. The flight song, often given at night, is a bubbling and exuberant series of jumbled notes ending with the familiar "teacher, teacher."

Similar Species

Ovenbird: Louisiana and Northern waterthrushes lack eye ring and black border on crown and have white-to-yellow stripe behind eye.


Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X